LG Chem’s Residential Vitality Storage Unit (RESU) batteries are a part of the brand new era of photo voltaic batteries that present power storage and backup energy for properties. They’re designed to pair with a house photo voltaic system and join on to a storage-ready photo voltaic inverter for charging and discharging.
The LG RESU battery will be put in in both on or off-grid photovoltaic programs, and is likely one of the main Tesla Powerwall alternate options. The third era of LG Chem RESU “Prime” batteries was launched in late 2020, and was made out there in early 2021. Let’s dig into extra about how the LG Battery works and whether or not it’s best for you.
How the LG Chem battery works
In a house solar-plus-storage system, a number of LG Chem RESU batteries are related on to your photo voltaic inverter, charging them utilizing direct present (DC) energy produced by your photo voltaic panels.
The batteries can maintain between 9.6 and 16 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electrical energy, relying on the scale you select. That corresponds to mannequin # RESU10H Prime for the 9.6-kWh battery and mannequin # RESU16H Prime for the 16-kWh model. An older 7-kW model is not being produced.
Through the day, when the solar is excessive within the sky, dwelling photo voltaic programs produce extra electrical energy than the home wants. That saved photo voltaic power can be utilized to energy the house later within the night, after the solar units. It’s additionally doable to set the battery to retain a certain quantity of its saved power in case of an influence failure.
Older RESU 10H batteries are divided into two sub-models which can be every constructed to speak with particular manufacturers of solar inverters. Model numbers with “-C” at the end work with SMA Sunny Boy Storage inverters, and those with “-R” work with Fronius, Huawei, and SolarEdge StorEdge inverters. Your installer will select the proper model to work with your solar system.
The newer LG Chem RESU 10H Prime and 16H Prime batteries are made to work with many different kinds of inverters from SMA, SolarEdge, Sungrow, GoodWe, and Solis.
Details about LG Chem RESU batteries
|Model name||LG Chem RESU10H-R||LG Chem RESU10H-C||LG Chem RESU 10H Prime||LG CHEM RESU 16H Prime|
|Year introduced||2017 (Gen 2)||2017 (Gen 2)||2021 (Gen 3)||2021 (Gen 3)|
|Total energy capacity (kWh)||9.8||9.8||9.6||16|
|Usable energy (kWh)||9.3||9.3||9.6||16|
|Power rating (continuous)||5.0 kW||5.0 kW||5.0 kW||7.0 kW|
|Peak power (10 sec)||7.0 kW||7.0 kW||7.0 kW||11.0 kW|
|Voltage range (V)||350~450||430~550||350~450||350~450|
|Round trip efficiency||94.5%||94.5%||>90%||>90%|
|Dimensions (W X H X D, inches)||29.3 x 35.7 x 8.1||29.3 x 35.7 x 8.1||19.8 x 32.1 x 11.6||19.8 x 42.8 x 11.6|
|Approximate weight (lbs)||214||220||246||352|
|Warranty||60% capacity after 10 years||60% capacity after 10 years||70% capacity after 10 years||70% capacity after 10 years|
More information can be found on the LG Energy Storage System (ESS) site and the datasheet for RESU Prime batteries.
Benefits that set LG batteries aside
Like all home solar batteries, LG Chem RESU batteries are designed to charge from your solar panels and keep electricity available for you at night and in the case of a power outage.
But the LG battery has some specific advantages for homeowners over other types of batteries.
LG Chem battery benefits
- Battery backup for use at night or during a power outage
- More compact size and lighter weight than competitors like the sonnen eco
- DC-coupled for greater efficiency and integration with solar storage inverters
- Easy installation and servicing, the RESU Prime batteries are field serviceable and can communicate with the installer for troubleshooting to prevent service calls for minor issues
- Can be discharged up to 95% of capacity (depth of discharge)
- Can be scaled using two batteries for up to 32 kWh storage
- RESU 10H has 94.5% round-trip efficiency outputs 9.45 kWh for every 10 kWh stored (exceeds competitor performance)
- 10-year warranty
- Available from many solar companies, including Sunrun
Because they use lithium ion battery cells, LG battery packs can be discharged to almost their full capacity every day, and last a long time. On average, LG Chem RESU 10H battery systems can charge and discharge every day for 10 years and still retain 60% of their original capacity. RESU Prime batteries retain 70% after 10 years.
In addition, LG’s advanced manufacturing process produces batteries that are more compact, more efficient, and lighter than many alternatives. And the LG Chem RESU batteries are all DC-coupled, meaning they charge directly from solar panels, which is more efficient than charging from power that has been converted to AC before reaching the battery.
Finally, the LG Chem RESU battery is available from many different solar installers across the country, including Sunrun, which sells the LG batteries for a low monthly payment as a managed energy storage solution they call “Brightbox.”
The LG Chem battery warranty
LG Chem’s warranty promises that its RESU batteries will maintain at least 60% of their initial rated energy storage capacity after 10 years OR before the battery has been used to provide 22.4 megawatt-hours (MWh) of electricity.
That distinction is important, because if you’re fully charging and discharging the battery daily, you’ll run through that amount of MWh sooner than 10 years. To spread 22.4 MWh over 10 years, you’d have to ensure the batteries discharge an average of only 6.14 kilowatt-hours (kWh) per day, which is 62% of their capacity.
This should be fine for most people, as daily cycling of the battery isn’t necessarily the plan. Talk to a licensed installer to find out whether you should expect to use more than 6.14 kWh of battery storage per day.
The warranty doesn’t include explicit protections from defects in materials and equipment, which is a fairly major oversight. The warranty implies that LG will repair or replace the battery if it’s found to be defective, but that doesn’t meet a very high standard.
It would be better if LG explicitly guaranteed protection for faults in materials and workmanship for 10 years.
LG Chem says the RESU 10H Prime will retain 70% of rated capacity after 10 years, but other details about the number of cycles or total MWh throughput haven’t yet been released.
Cost and incentives
Like many other solar system components, the price of the LG RESU batteries changes over time, and depends on where you install it and who does the work.
As of January 2022, it costs between $5,000 and $6,000 to buy a RESU10H battery, before installation costs are factored in. Add $1,000 to the price for the 10H Prime and another $2,000 for the 16H Prime. If you include installation costs from a solar installer, a RESU 10H might cost between $7,000-$9,000 and a 16H Prime would be $10,000-$13,000.
That’s not cheap. Luckily, there are solar battery incentives that can help bring down the costs.
Because the LG Chem batteries charge exclusively from solar power, they qualify for the federal solar tax credit, reducing your total cost to purchase the battery by 26%, down to between $5,200 – $6,700 after the first year.
Some states and utility companies also offer solar battery incentives. The most popular is the Self- Generation Incentive Program (SGIP) in California.
Is the LG Chem RESU battery worth it?
Whether battery storage is worth it to you depends on the price you put on peace of mind.
If you absolutely cannot bear the thought of suffering through a blackout in the dark, then the LG battery is an excellent choice. And, with Californians now seeing “planned outages” of more than a day or two on a regular basis, it might prove its worth in short order.
The only way the LG battery becomes financially worth it is if you use it to avoid Time of Use or demand charges. In that case, you’d have to be saving over $.50/kWh on every kWh of storage in order to make it worth it over the 10-year lifespan of the battery.
No place on earth has a difference of $.50 between its on and off-peak times, so the cost of the LG battery will basically never be repaid.
However, if you look at this more like a balancing act, between the “peace of mind” benefits and the tangible financial benefits, it might start to look better. Especially if you live in California.
- The LG Chem RESU battery is one of the most popular home batteries available.
- The new-for-2021 RESU 10H and 16H Prime batteries improve on the previous generation’s performance and can back up your whole home for 10 years or more.
- One LG RESU battery can hold between 10 and 16 kilowatt-hours, based on the model (enough for about a third to a half of your home’s daily needs).
- If installed alongside a solar installation, the battery qualifies for the federal solar tax credit, and some state incentives also exist.